In 1511, the ViceRoy of India, Afonso de Albuquerque,
The Portuguese ruled Malacca for 130 years. In January 1641 the Dutch took hands of
Portuguese coinage in the East Indies was struck at Malacca from the year of its conquest 1511, until the Dutch occupation in 1641. Base metal coins were struck for the Portuguese sovereign Emmanuel (1495-1521) and his successors, silver from the reign of Philip II (1598-1621) and Philip III (1621-1640).
|Second issue 1512 - 1515 (De
Brito Patalim´s coinage).
Bastardo, pewter, 49,06 gram, 37,5 mm.
Obverse: Sphere with legend around: D(om) M(anuel) P(rimeiro) R(ei) DE PV(rugal) S(enh)OR D(a) I(ndia) E MALA(acca)
|Reverse: Cross of the Order of
Christ with legend around: CRVX XPI NOSTRE SPES VNICA
Shaw & Kassim 7, E.E.Sim cfr. E1 35
|Third Issue 1517 - 1521
These coins were issued under the authority of a new governor, Dom Aleixo de Menezes, who arrived in Malacca in June 1517.
Bastardo, pewter, 13,82 gram, 29 mm.
Obverse: Crowned Portuguese shield with inscription around: I EMANVEL R(EX) P(ORTUGALIA) ET A(LGARBIORUM) D(OMINUS) ¤(G)VINE + (Manuel I King of Portugal and the Algarve, Lord of Guinea). On each side of the shield + - V. The type with + V, is not mentioned in E.E.Sim.
Reverse: Armillary sphere.
H.T.Grogan 1296, Shaw & Kassim 14, E.E.Sim %, Sim 20-25
|Dinheiro, pewter, 1,59 gram, 19 mm.
Obverse: Cross surrounded be the legend: + IOA(NNES) : III. POR(TUGALIA): ET: AL(GARBIORUM) (John III King of Portugal and the Algarve).
Reverse: The Armillary Sphere
Shaw & Kassim 19, H.T.Grogan 1302, Sim J3.07
|Half soldo/Dinheiro ?, pewter, 2,13 gram, 17-19
Obverse: Three arrows crossed and tied in the centre between the letters B A. Large dot on each side on the top of the central arrow.
The two dots and the B A indicated perhaps it is a 2 bazarucos ?
Reverse: The Armillary Sphere. The "Zodiacal" belt rises from the left to right.
Shaw & Kassim 25, H.T.Grogan 1312, Sim S.18
|Bazaruco ?, pewter, 1,12 gram, 13 mm
Obverse: The crowned Arms of Portugal
|Half Soldo ?, pewter, 2,46 gram, 18,5 mm
Obverse: The Crowned Arms of Portugal.
Reverse: A sailing ship left.
Shaw & Kassim 24
|Meia tanga (1/2 tanga) 1635, silver, 15-15,5 mm,
Obverse: Crowned Portuguese shield with mintletters beside A - M (Asia Malacca).
Reverse: Monogram of value T - A, besides D - M (De Malacca), below the year 1635.
|1 tanga 1631,
silver, 17,5 - 18 mm, 3,05 gram.
Obverse: Crowned Portuguese shield with mintletters beside A - M (Asia Malacca)
Reverse: Monogram of value T - A, besides D - M (De Malacca), below the year 1631.
Mitchener 3156, Sim F3-24
|2 tanga (half xerafins?) 1631, Silver, 25 mm,
Obververse: Crowned Portuguese shield with mintletters beside A - M (Asia Malacca)
Reverse: Monogram of value ? T - A, besides D - M (De Malacca), below the year 1631. Unpublished (no publication show this design of the type!)
Shaw & Kassim; Malacca Coins by William Shaw and Mohd Kassim Haji Ali. Muzium Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. First edition 1970.
H.T.Grogan: Collection Henry Thomas Grogan, Auction Schulman, Amsterdam 1914.
E. E. Sim; Portuguese Coinage of the Malay Peninsula. The Bastardos of King Dom Manuel I. Actas DO IV Congresso Nacional de Numismática, Lisboa, 1998.
Mitchener; Oriental Coins and their Values. Non-islamic States & Western colonies AD 600-1979 by Michael Mitchener. hawkins Publications 1979.
Sim: The malaysia Encyclopaedia of the Coins of Malaysia and Brunai 1400-1986, Malaysia Numismatic Society 1986.
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